The Royal Baccarat Scandal
The Rt. Hon. Michael Havers, Edward Grayson and Peter Shankland
In September 1890, during the St Leger Week at Doncaster Races, a house party gathered at Tranby Croft near Hull, of whom the guest of honour was the Prince of Wales (later Edward VII). On 10th September, as the party prepared to change for dinner, Lieutenant Colonel Sir William Gordon-Cumming, a distinguished soldier and personal friend of the Prince, was accused by his fellow guests of having cheated at baccarat: a criminal offence. He was given an ultimatum: to sign a document swearing never to play cards, or to face public denunciation on Doncaster Racecourse the next morning.
The other members of the house party swore to remain silent, but inevitably the secret leaked out. Unable to force his fellow guests to withdraw their allegation, Gordon-Cumming brought a civil action for slander.
It was the sensation of the decade. Day after day, as the case proceeded, crowds thronged outside the Law Courts to watch the smart carriages roll up; fashionable ladies filled one side of the judge’s bench, and on the other sat the Prince of Wales, close to the witness-box in which, for the first time in 300 years, an heir-apparent to the throne was to take the oath and give evidence.
Did Gordon-Cumming cheat during those evenings of baccarat at Tranby Croft? No-one has ever been able to explain why this scion of an ancient family, friend of the Prince of Wales for twenty years, should apparently have swindled him out of a few pounds he did not need.
Drawing on previously unpublished but vital documents, including letters in the Royal Archives, the authors have been able to make a detailed re-examination of this amazing and controversial case. Their conclusions, surprising and unexpected, throw a startling new light on a trial that rocked Victorian England.
The Rt. Hon. Michael Havers was called to the Bar in 1948 and took silk in 1964. He became Lord Chancellor in June 1987, but was forced to retire after only four months, due to ill health. Edward Grayson was called to the Bar in 1948, and became the country’s leading legal expert on matters relating to sport and the law. Peter Shankland is a naval historian with a special interest in criminology and historic trials.